31. Three Printed Books

Although my blog entries have emphasized downloadable publications, Bolesbooks actually offers three printed books that are otherwise unavailable in electronic form. Yes, that’s right: Real paper and real binding! They’re described below, but for access to indexes, prices, and ordering information, please visit the Bolesbooks web site.

Barth-Hickey Ancestry

(358 pages, softbound). With the additional familes of Bodine, Bowman, Brown, Brownlee, Burnett, Crocheron, Drury, Finch, French, Greiner, Gullett, Heisdorfer, Housh, Langham, Malmberg, Martin, McClain, McMurtrie, Millard, Mills, Phillips, Reynolds, Robinson, Rung, Russell, Shercliffe, Sinnott, Spinke, Swanson, Wilson, and Wolcott. Includes pictures.  Limited copies remaining; will not be reprinted.

The Barth-Hickey Ancestry covers a particularly strong concentration of families from St. Mary’s co, Md, especially Catholic families in the 1600s and 1700s. Other major geographic areas variously inhabited by Protestant or Catholic ancestors were Iowa, Ind, and NJ; Macon co, Ill; Nelson co, Ky; Washington co, Pa; Somerset co, Md; and Augusta co, Va. Other names, areas, and periods are also represented.

Speece-Robinson Ancestry

(222 pages, softbound). Co-author Harold W. Boles. With the additional families of Addams, Altruth, Auliffe, Bailey, Brown, Cole, Conklin, Cunningham, Dick, Dobbs, Doors, Flexney, Gobels, Hinds, McIntire, op den Graeff, Pletges, Princehouse, Rossiter, Tarpley, Tomey, and Williams. And Addenda on the Adams, Bachiler, Dungan, Holbrook, Large, Latham, Swift, Weaver, and Wing Families. Includes pictures.  Very limited copies remaining; will not be reprinted.

The Speece-Robinson Ancestry covers a number of families from Champaign and Shelby counties, Ohio; Frederick co, Va; Berkeley and Morgan counties, WVa; Bucks and Philadelphia counties, Pa; what is now Union co, NJ; New England; and England, Ireland, and Germany. The American coverage is particularly strong in the 1700s and 1800s, but there is a substantial segment of material from the 1600s as well. Other names, areas, and periods are also represented.

Withers-Davis Ancestry

(427 pages, hardbound). Co-author Harold W. Boles. With the additional families of Abraham, Babb, Bachiler, Chandler, Collet, David, Davies, Hollingsworth, Hussey, Jefferis, Lewis, Martin, May, Nash, Nowell, Perkins, Powell, Ree, Roberts, Sloper, Tarrant, Wise, Wood, and Woolaston. Also numerous Welsh families ancestral to William, David, and Ralph Lewis, and John Bevan, plus their royal descents.  Will not be reprinted.

The Withers-Davis Ancestry covers a large concentration of families from the area of Chester and Delaware counties, Pennsylvania; New Castle co, Delaware; New England; co. Wilts, England; and co. Glamorgan and surrounding areas of Wales. Many though by no means all of the families were Quaker. Coverage in America is particularly heavy in the 1600s and 1700s, making the book indispensable to those seeking their colonial roots. Other names, areas, and periods are also represented.

books.cover

 

15. A Cornucopia of Revolutionary Soldier Ancestors

The ancestral lines associated with these soldiers appear in The Omnibus Ancestry (referenced as OA). It updates and corrects, in brief form, a number of previous works, also referenced below. Each is available for download either through Lulu.com, or through Bolesbooks.


The Fourth of July is the quintessential Revolutionary War holiday, celebrating the mid-war decision to declare the independence of the United States.

Somewhat over half of resident males of fighting age during the war (1775-1783) were American Revolutionary soldiers in one capacity or another [12], principally as army regulars or militia. I have a large number in my background because all of my known immigrant ancestors came to America before or during the war. My wife, while predominantly descended from 19th-century immigrants, nevertheless has a few as well. The following is a full listing; each is a direct ancestor. It seems appropriate to recognize them this Fourth of July.

Known RegulInfantry,_Continental_Army,_1779-1783ars

James Barber (ca 1734?-ca 1786), served as Capt. of 1st Co.
of the militia of Hempfield township, Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, in 1775. In 1776 he was a Capt. in Col. Bartram Galbraith’s Battalion of Lancaster county militia. He commanded a company in the battle of Long Island in the same year, and was commissioned a Capt. in the Continental Army in 1780 [2, OA].

Peter Dick, Jr. (1748-1806), served in 1776-7 in Capt. Alexander Lawson Smith’s Co., Rawling’s Regiment, Continental Troops, under the famous Col. Daniel Morgan; and in Capt. Gabriel Long’s Co., Morgan’s Rifle Regiment, Continental Troops, from Frederick county, Virginia [5, OA].

Connelly McFadden (1753-1840), between 1775 and 1779 served in Capt. Stephen Bayard’s Co. of Col. St. Clair’s Pennsylvania Regiment; Capt. James Morgan’s Co., 2nd Regiment, Middlesex county, New Jersey militia; and Capt. Longstreet’s First Regiment, New Jersey Continental Line. He was at the battle of Monmouth in 1778 [6, OA].

Thomas McIntire, Sr. (1744-1820) served as an Ens. in the 3rd Pennsylvania Battalion, Continental Army, was promoted to Lt., and was wounded at the battle of Fort Washington in 1776, where he was captured. He was exchanged in 1777 and became Lt. and then Capt. of an independent company in western Pennsylvania, 1777-1782. For extensive discussion of his service, including his distinguished participation in Capt. James Willing’s raid down the Mississippi aboard the U.S.S. Rattletrap in 1778, and in Brodhead’s Expedition in 1779, see the blog entry “7. Thomas McIntire, Revolutionary Hero” [5, 11, OA].

Thomas McMurtrie (ca 1734?-aft 1784), served in the 1st Battalion of the 2nd Establishment of the New Jersey Continental Army in 1776; the 1st Battalion of Somerset county, New Jersey militia in 1778; the Eastern Battalion of Morris county, New Jersey militia in 1780; and the 1st and 3rd Regiments of the New Jersey Line [3, OA].

Henrich Printzhausen or Henry Princehouse (1761-aft 1829) served in 1st and 2nd Companies, von Bose Regiment of Hessian mercenaries fighting alongside the British, 1781-1782. He was captured with Cornwallis at Yorktown in 1781 and deserted in 1782, settling in America as did many other Hessian prisoners. He is our only known ancestor to have fought on the British side [5, OA].

Elijah Russell (1758-ca 1837?), served as a private in the Virginia Continental Line, perhaps ca 1777? [8, OA].

Jacob Stake (1756/7-1801) was 3rd Lt. of Miles’ Pennsylvania Rifle Regiment in 1776, serving under Gen. George Washington during the retreat from Manhattan. He was a 1st Lt. in the 10th Pennsylvania Jacob Stake locket labeledRegiment, Continental Line, 1776-7; and was a Capt. in the Light Corp of the same in 1777. His assignments are uncertain 1778-1779, but he clearly served. Thus in 1778 he captained a company in the battle of Monmouth, and he participated in the storming of Stony Point in 1779. He was again in the 10th Regiment in 1781 when he was wounded at Greenspring Farm, and he was probably present at the surrender of Cornwallis at Yorktown in the same year. He transferred to the 3rd Pennsylvania Regiment in 1783 [2, OA].

John Wolcott (1759-1835), served in Capt. James Wilson’s Co., First Pennsylvania Rifle Regiment, Continental Line, 1777-1780. He was captured at the battle of Fort Muncy in 1779, and was held captive in New York until exchanged in 1780. (His brother Silas Wolcot fought in the Battle of Long Island in 1776, and was one of Gen. George Washington’s bodyguards at Valley Forge in 1776-1777.) [3, OA]

Stand Your Ground.bKnown Militia

Harman Arrants (1746-1815), served from Cecil county, Maryland, as a 2nd Lt. in the 4th Maryland Battalion of the Flying Camp, under Capt. Walter Alexander, in 1776. In 1778 he was commissioned an Ens. in the 2nd or Elk Battalion of Cecil County Militia [1, OA].

James Atwood (ca 1748?-ca 1789), served in the militia of Culpeper county, Virginia, in 1781 [1, OA].

Joshua Burnett (1751-1846), served in the militia from Wilkes county, Georgia, under Capt. Richard Herd and Col. John Dooly, 1779-1781, fighting in battle at Augusta, Georgia, in 1779 [3, OA].

John Buster (1737-1820), served from Albemarle county, Virginia, against the Indians, ca 1778 [1, OA].

Jacob Coons (1740-1807), served as a Lt. in the militia of Culpeper county, Virginia, in 1781 [1, OA].

Nathaniel Davis (1751-1819?), served in Capt. William Witherow’s Co., 8th Battalion, Chester county, Pennsylvania militia, ca 1779? [4, OA].

Samuel Dickason or Dickinson (ca 1757-1846), served as a private and teamster in Capt. Cole’s Co., Col. Allen McLane’s Regiment, Kent county, Delaware, militia 1777-1780. That unit helped provision the army at Valley Forge in the winter of 1777-8, was in the action at Barren Hill in 1778, and was the first on the scene when the British abandoned Philadelphia later that year. It reconnoitered prior to the battle of Stony Point in 1779. Samuel also served in Capt. Ross’ Co., Fayette county, Pennsylvania, militia in 1780, and was in the Virginia military at some point during the war [6, OA].

John Downing (1749-1826), served from Washington county, Pennsylvania, in Capt. Timothy Downing’s Co., 3rd Battalion of Pennsylvania militia, in 1782. At some point he also served in Capt. Basil Williams’ Co. of Washington county militia [7, OA].

Johan Georg Ermentraudt or Armentrout (ca 1731?-aft 1805), served in Capt. Baxter’s Co. of Virginia Militia, from Rockingham county. He was present at the surrender of Cornwallis at Yorktown in 1781 [8, OA].

Joel Harbour (1750-1814), served from Henry county, Virginia, in Thomas Henderson’s Co. of militia, in 1781, and was in the battle of Guilford Courthouse that year [9, OA].

Martin Holman (ca 1748?-aft 1811), served from Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, in Capt. James Watson’s Sixth Co., 10th Battalion of militia, in 1777-8, and was himself Capt. of 8th Co., 5th Battalion of same in 1780 [7, OA].

Adam Housh (1756?-1829), served as a 7th class private in Capt. Sweney’s Co., 5th Battalion, Washington county, Pennsylvania militia, in 1782 [OA].

Joseph Lazear (ca 1756?-1825), served in Capt. Griffith Johnson’s Co., 3rd Western Battalion of Western Maryland militia, ca 1779 [6, OA].

Thomas Price (ca 1729?-1788), was a 2nd and then 1st Lt. in the Elk Battalion of Cecil County, Maryland, militia in 1778 [1, OA].

James Roberson or Robertson (ca 1754?-1803), served as a private in Capt. Wm. Nesbit’s Co. of Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania militia, ca 1778 [OA].

Ralph Robinson (1740/1-1802), served in Capt. Griffiths Co. of the 2nd Battalion of Chester county, Pennsylvania militia, in 1781 [5, OA].

Zebulon Daniel Smith (1758-1836), served in the Tennessee (then North Carolina) militia from Sullivan county, under Capts. Wallace, Jonathan Webb, William Asher, McKelvey, and John Scott, 1778-1782. He fought against the Cherokee and Chickamauga Indians, and was in the battle of King’s Mountain in 1780 [1, OA].

George Stake (1729/30-1789) served as a private in Capt. Michael Hahn’s Co., 1st Battalion of York county, Pennsylvania militia ca 1778 [2, OA].

Samuel Withers (ca 1752 -p 1809?), served in Capt. Through’s 7th Co., 8th Battalion of Chester county, Pennsylvania militia, ca 1780 [4, OA].

Thomas Withers (ca 1727?-ca 1795?), served as 1st Lt. in Capt. Through’s 7th Co., 8th Battalion of Chester county, Pennsylvania militia, ca 1780 [4, OA].

Johann Friderich (Frederick) Yerian (1762-1840), is said to have served as a private on the Continental Line, from Westmoreland county, Pennsylvania, in 1777, and as a Ranger on the Frontier from that county 1778-83. But in any case he certainly was in Capt. John McClelland’s Co. of Westmoreland county militia in 1782 [8, OA].

Possible Regular

Jacob Massey (ca 1760?-1796), reputedly served under Capt. John Morrison in the Continental Line of North Carolina, in 1781. However, no clear evidence of it has been found [6, OA].

Possible Militia

Henry Bowman (1735/6-ca 1829), may have been a Capt. during the Revolutionary War, presumably in the militia, but primary evidence is lacking [OA].

Ignatius Brown, Sr. (ca 1733?-aft 1789), or possibly his namesake son, served from St. Mary’s county, Maryland, under Col. J. Jordan, at some point during the Revolutionary War [3, OA].

Isaac Linton (bef 1761-1835/6), claimed to have served from Frederick county in the Maryland militia under Capts. Ralph Hillery, John Burkat, and Moses Chapline, in 1777-80. However, for reasons to doubt this service, see the blog entry ” 5. Isaac Linton, Revolutionary Fraud?” [6, 10, OA].

James Martin (ca 1760?-1827), may have served in the militia from Morris co, New Jersey, ca 1779. However, identity with the known ancestor of the name is not certain [3, OA].


Notes:

[1] Boles, H.W., & Boles, D.B. (1990). Foster Ancestors: Some Europeans, Immigrants, Colonists, and Pioneers. Decorah, Iowa: The Anundsen Publishing Co., and Lulu.com.

[2] Boles, D.B., & Boles, H.W. (2000). Stayman-McCrosky Ancestry. Tuscaloosa, AL: private print, and Lulu.com.

[3] Boles, D.B. (1993). Barth-Hickey Ancestry. Troy, NY: Private print. Available at Bolesbooks.

[4] Boles, D.B., & Boles, H.W. (1998). Withers-Davis Ancestry. Decorah, Iowa: The Anundsen Publishing Co. Available at Bolesbooks.

[5] Boles, D.B., & Boles, H.W. (1997). Speece-Robinson Ancestry. Ozark, Mo: Dogwood Printing. Available at Bolesbooks.

[6] Boles, H.W., & Boles, D.B. (1986). Some Earlier Americans: Boles-Linton Ancestors. Decorah, Iowa: The Anundsen Publishing Co., and Lulu.com.

[7] Boles, H.W., & Boles, D.B. (1994). Ellis Ancestors: Some Immigrants, Colonists, and Pioneers. Kalamazoo, Mich: Private print, and Lulu.com.

[8] Boles, D.B. (2008). Bowers-Russell Ancestry. Tuscaloosa, AL: private print, and Lulu.com.

[9] Boles, D.B. (2005). Snyder-Harbour Ancestry. Tuscaloosa, AL: private print, and Lulu.com.

[10] Blog entry at https://bolesbooksblog.wordpress.com/2015/01.

[11] Blog entry at https://bolesbooksblog.wordpress.com/2015/02.

[12] There were about 700,000 males of fighting age (Jameson, J.F. The American Revolution Considered As a Social Movement. Princeton University Press, 1926/1967). About 231,000 served in the Continental Army, and “upwards of” 145,000 in the militias (information retrieved from http://www.campaign1776.org/revolutionary-war/facts-of-the-american.html, 2015). Although as in the present case, lists of Revolutionary soldier ancestors often show a preponderance of militia, this may be an identification artifact. It is much easier to identify an ancestor among a county’s militia, than among similarly named men in a colony-wide list of regulars in which no residences are stated.


Picture attributions (in display order):

“Infantry: Continental Army, 1779-1783, IV” by H.A. Ogden, public domain.

Jacob Stake miniature: Photo courtesy of Herman Leuty Stayman (2014). Best available resolution.

“Stand Your Ground” by Don Troiani, retrieved from https://www.flickr.com/photos/thenationalguard/4100353271 (2015), used under the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic License at https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0.

4. Dugal McQueen, Scottish Rebel and Gateway Ancestor to Royalty

The Scottish ancestry of Dugal McQueen is fully extended in the The Omnibus Ancestry. It is available through Lulu.

Dugal McQueen arrived in Maryland in 1716 aboard the ironically named “Friendship”, probably in chains and certainly under edict never to return to his native Scotland. He had been captured the previous autumn at the battle of Preston, part of the doomed first Jacobite rebellion aimed at restoring the Stuarts to the throne [1]. Given a choice between exile and the barbaric ritual of hanging, drawing, and quartering, he and his fellow transportees had sensibly chosen exile.

From this ill-starred beginning descended a numerous and prosperous American family. It included the actor Steve McQueen, star of The Blob, The Great Escape, The Cincinnati Kid, The Sand Pebbles, Bullitt, The Getaway, Papillon, and many other films of the 1950s through 1980 [5]. He was my distant cousin, for I descend from Dugal McQueen through my grandfather Loren Ellsworth Bowers [1].

My genealogical interest in Dugal has been intense, because he is my only confirmed Highland immigrant ancestor. He was recorded at his prison in Lancaster Castle as a resident of the parish of Moy, co. Inverness, Scotland [1]. There the Macqueen clan was seated at Corrybrough, Little Corrybrough, Pollochaig, and Raigbeg, among other locations.

The Mackintosh Muniments

A major advance in tracing the exile’s genealogical origins came from a message thread hosted by Ancestry.com, implying that Dugal was mentioned in the published muniments (i.e., archived documents) of the Mackintosh clan [1,2]. I was subsequently able to access this at an out-of-town library during a personal trip. The_ruins_of_Shenachie

What I found was extraordinary. Dugal was mentioned as being of “Pollockack” [Pollochaig] in 1714 when he leased land from the Mackintoshes at the west end of Ruthven, a tiny settlement on the northwest bank of the Findhorn River near Tomatin. He had married in Scotland a woman of social prominence, namely Elizabeth, the sister of Lachlan Mackintosh, the 20th chief (or laird) of clan Mackintosh. By her he had a daughter Anne [1,2]. Neither Elizabeth nor Anne joined Dugal in exile. From other sources I learned he remarried years later in Maryland, ca 1726?, to a wife named Grace who bore his American children, one of whom was my ancestor [1]. Presumably this followed Elizabeth’s death.

Antiquarian Contributions

Even more extraordinary discoveries were to follow, courtesy of a great genealogical revolution. (I mentioned another such revolution, the creation of the International Genealogical Index and its successors, in a previous post.) Just within the last few years a great many out-of-copyright books have become available as high-quality PDFs through such free services as Google Books, the HathiTrust Digital Library, and the Allen County [Indiana] Public Library Internet Archive. Because the late 1800s and early 1900s were a golden age of genealogical publication, this has placed a great deal of research within easy access of any computer browser.

Among the recently accessible books was an antiquarian publication dating from the 1890s [1]. Its author aimed to tell the history of the parish of Moy. Noting that the parish was dominated by the Mackintosh clan, with the laird holding nearly 70,000 acres including land along the river Findhorn, he nevertheless launched into a brief history of Pollochaig, which had long been in possession of the Macqueens. In his account there was an interesting piece of information: A John Macqueen of Pollochaig, son of Dougal and living in the early 1700s, had married Anne, sister of chief Lachlan Mackintosh [1].

If John lived in the early 18th century, his father was of too early a generation to be the exile. Thus while the appearance of the name Dougal seemed meaningful, what relationship if any existed to the later Dugal the author could not or did not say.

That information, fortunately, was provided by another out-of-copyright work, this time a Highland historical magazine also dating from the 1890s [1]. It indicated that John Macqueen, certainly the same man referred to above, had a son Donald [sic], who married Elizabeth, also stated to have been the sister of chief Lachlan Mackintosh. Furthermore, the son was stated to have been an officer of the 1715 rising and as a consequence was banished to America. This was a clear reference to Dugal (not Donald) McQueen, known from the Mackintosh muniments as the husband of Elizabeth Mackintosh and certainly a man banished to America [1].

Dugal, the immigrant, was therefore the son of John Macqueen and Anne Mackintosh. But how could both father and son have married sisters of chief Lachlan Mackintosh?

That answer was provided by published Mackintosh genealogies, for Lachlan, the 20th chief, was the son of Lachlan, the 19th chief [1]. Manifestly, John had married Anne, sister of the 19th chief, and his son Dugal had married his first cousin Elizabeth, sister of the 20th chief. Such marriages were not uncommon following their legalization in 1567 [3], accounting for perhaps 3.5% of marriages among the landed gentry (although that figure is for the British Isles more generally) [4].

In any case Dugal, it was clear, was the son of John Macqueen by Anne, daughter of William Mackintosh, the 18th chief, and his wife Margaret Graham [1].

An Explosion of Prominent Scottish Landed, Noble, and Royal Lines

Anne Mackintosh was what one might call “connected”, and massively so. Through her parents she descended from dozens of the most prominent Scottish families of the 1600s on back. They included among others the families of Beaton, Campbell, Drummond, Gordon, Graham, Grant, Halyburton, Hamilton, Keith, Kennedy, Learmonth, Lindsay, Mackenzie, Maule, Murray, Ogilvy, Rollo (Rollock), Rose, Ruthven, Scrymgeour, Sinclair, and Stewart [1].

A number of noble ancestors were among them, the latest-living of which was Sir John Murray, Earl of Tullibardine (1550-1613). There were also royal descents from King James II of Scotland (1430-1460), King Jean II of France (1319-1364), and King Edward III of England (1312-1377), among many others. In other words, Dugal McQueen was a gateway ancestor. A gateway ancestor is a genealogical predecessor, generally an immigrant, whose own genealogy can be traced to kings and queens, thereby providing all descendants with such ancestry [1].

In this case intense genealogical interest paid off . . . royally.


The Scottish ancestry of Dugal McQueen is fully extended in the The Omnibus Ancestry. It is available through Lulu.


Notes:

[1] Boles, D.B. (2016). The  Omnibus Ancestry.  Tuscaloosa, AL: private print.  Available through Lulu.

[2] Information retrieved from http://boards.ancestry.com/localities.britisles.scotland.inv.general/650.3/mb.ashx (2015).

[3] Parker, H. (2012). “In All Gudly Haste”: The Formation of Marriage in Scotland, c. 1350 – 1600. Thesis presented to the University of Guelph.

[4] Information retrieved from http://ije.oxfordjournals.org/content/38/6/1453.full (2015).

[5] Information retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Steve_McQueen (2015).

Picture attribution: Frances Watts, The ruins of Shenachie – geograph.org.uk – 667349.jpg, retrieved from http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:The_ruins_of_Shenachie_-_geograph.org.uk_-_667349.jpg#file. Used under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 Generic license. (NB: Pollochaig has been mapped as “Shenachie” since 1908-9.)